Greece Outlook 2024: Market Friendly Policies and Valuations Create Potentially Attractive Backdrop

Feb 6, 2024

With a backdrop of strong momentum, discounted valuations, attractive yields, and market friendly governance, we believe Greece continues to hold promise for a strong 2024. As it maintains a limited 0-1% exposure in the benchmark MSCI Emerging Markets Index, global funds have largely overlooked this market, suggesting untapped potential for new investors.

Key Positives

  • Valuations: Despite recent growth and Investment Grade sovereign risk, Greece’s equity market (as measured by the MSCI Greece Index) remains undervalued, trading below book value.1
  • Profitability: Low multiples alone aren’t enough for an investment case, in our opinion. We are just as encouraged by the elevated levels of profitability amongst Greek companies. The market now carries a return-on-equity (ROE) profile above 14%, which is more than double the level of profitability the market produced in 2019.2
  • Growth: Importantly, Greece boasts superior near-term GDP (gross domestic product) growth potential, which could translate into opportunities for accretive reinvestment. Greek GDP is projected to grow 2.9% in 2024 versus 1.3% in the E.U.3,4
  • Yield: The MSCI Greece Index’s 7.3x price-to-earnings (P/E) multiple translates into a 13.6% earnings yield.5 From a dividend perspective, the market is rewarding investors with a dividend yield above 5%.6
  • Macroeconomic Outlook: We have seen strong macro indicators, fueled by increased investments, expanding exports, and a thriving tourism sector.
  • Debt Profile & Governance: Greece has an appealing sovereign debt profile with an average maturity of 17 years at fixed rates, accompanied by a market-friendly government and a stable political landscape.7
  • Financial Sector: The Greek banking sector has been rejuvenated following extensive cleanup and deleveraging, coupled with a robust non-banking space generating substantial cash flows to support continuous growth.
  • Politics: The market friendly New Democracy party recently gained a majority in parliament, allowing Prime Minister Mitsotakis to continue his pro-business agenda while also accelerating the pace of reforms. We recently saw the Prime Minister speak where he said that he was going “full throttle on reforms.”8

Potential Equity Market Catalysts

  • Continued distribution of Recovery & Resilience Facility (RRF) funds from the E.U.
  • Expected debt upgrades
  • Government asset sales
  • IPO market revival
  • Liquidity infusion from the Hellenic Financial Stability Fund
  • Prospects of inclusion in MSCI’s developed market watch list
  • Reintroduction of banking dividends
  • Signs of growth recovery within the European Union
  • Continued progress on reforms

The Banking Sector Stands Out

Banks represent 48.5% of the MSCI Greece Index.9 On average, Greek banks now trade at a discount to E.U. peers.10 However, we believe Greek banks offer significantly more upside when considering:

  • Greek banks trade at 5.7x earnings and 0.66x book value with 12.4% ROEs.11
  • The strong GDP growth outlook for Greece versus the E.U.could translate into higher loan growth, as investments in Greece remain supported by E.U. recovery funds.
  • Net income will likely be supported by a continued structural reduction in provisions, as non-performing exposure (NPE) levels normalize towards E.U. average levels.
  • We anticipate higher profitability levels for Greek banks relative to E.U. peers.
  • Greek banks are more sensitive to rate cuts than E.U. peers.We also believe that higher loan growth and under penetrated fee and commission income will support net income.
  • We expect Greek banks to begin paying dividends again beginning in March of 2024.

Insights From Our Meeting with Finance Minister Hatzidakis

  • Reform Agenda: Minister Hatzidakis reiterated a commitment to accelerating reforms while preserving a pro-business environment. The focus lies on making the Greek economy more dynamic and productive through a balance of fiscal prudence and a business-friendly approach.
  • Economic Outlook: Forecasts predict GDP growth of 2.9% for 2024, surpassing the Eurozone’s projected 1.3%.12,13 Key metrics show improvements in debt-to-GDP ratios, reduced unemployment (~10%), and an upsurge in foreign direct investment (FDI) to 15% of GDP, albeit still below E.U. peers (~22%).14
  • Future Prospects: Despite past underinvestment, Greece now boasts a credible E.U. central bank, low post-election political risks, and an influx of E.U. funds into private enterprises, paving the way for a decade of potential growth and opportunities.


We believe Greek equities still have considerable room to run, even after the MSCI Greece Index returned 49% to investors in 2023.15 We remain positive on the investment case due to 1) the continuity of the pro-business and stable political environment, 2) valuations remaining attractive from a historical and relative perspective at 7x earnings, and 3) the many potential catalysts, such as the resumption of bank dividends and an eventual upgrade to developed market status by MSCI, that may still materialize. For these reasons, we believe Greece remains the best value opportunity within emerging markets.


Category: Articles

Topics: Emerging Markets

Information provided by Global X Management Company LLC.

Investing involves risk, including the possible loss of principal. Diversification does not ensure a profit nor guarantee against a loss.

The risks of foreign investments are typically greater in less developed countries, which are sometimes referred to as emerging markets. For example, legal, political, and economic structures in these countries may be changing rapidly, which can cause instability and greater risk of loss. These countries are also more likely to experience higher levels of inflation, deflation, or currency devaluation, which could hurt their economies and securities markets. For these and other reasons, investments in emerging markets are often considered speculative. Similarly, investors are also subject to foreign securities risks including, but not limited to, the fact that foreign investments may be subject to different and in some circumstances less stringent regulatory and disclosure standards than U.S. investments.

This material represents an assessment of the market environment at a specific point in time and is not intended to be a forecast of future events, or a guarantee of future results. This information is not intended to be individual or personalized investment or tax advice and should not be used for trading purposes. Please consult a financial advisor or tax professional for more information regarding your investment and/or tax situation.